Četl jsem posledním čísle NG moc pěknou reportáž z Haiti a v ní falší učebnicový příklad toho, jak kapitalismus, resp. imperialismus, negativně ovlivňují až devastují lidi a celé společnosti. Český překlad jsem sice nenašel, ale zato jsem našel anglický originál, takže příslušné pasáže ocituji z něj:
[Dictator] Baby Doc was just 19 when he came to power, a pudgy teenager with a taste for the fast life. Most Haitians assumed his tenure would be mercifully short-lived. But the U.S., which had been sending up to $3.8 million a year in aid when Baby Doc took over—as a reward for the country’s anticommunist stance—hiked that figure to $35.5 million in 1975, because of Baby Doc’s pledge to continue his father’s anticommunist ideology and because the son was more blatantly sycophantic to U.S. business interests.
Ten months after Baby Doc left, the International Monetary Fund loaned Haiti $24.6 million. In return the Haitian government was required to reduce tariffs on imported rice and other agricultural products. A trade liberalization push in the mid-1990s—championed by President Bill Clinton, a longtime visitor to Haiti and a self-proclaimed supporter of its people—pried open Haiti’s markets even more, and rice tariffs were lowered from 50 percent to 3 percent. Heavily subsidized U.S. rice flooded the Haitian markets, much of it from Arkansas, Clinton’s home state. Haitian farmers’ rice couldn’t compete with the cheap and donated imports.
Two months later the senate passed a nonbinding resolution calling for a moratorium on mining. To get around the deadlock, Haitian government officials invited the World Bank to redraft the mining law, which it did, in close consultation with mining-company officials. (…) that Haitians had been left out of World Bank–funded efforts to draft new legislation intended to attract foreign investors to finance extraction of Haiti’s gold and other minerals. (…) Some Haitian activists see the World Bank’s cozy relationship with foreign mining companies and disregard for the concerns of Haitian civil society groups as an exhausting repetition of the disastrous arrival of cheap U.S. rice.